NarodyArktiki 2019

           By the time of Russian colonization in the early 17th century, the Yukaghirs occupied the area from the Lena River to the mouth of Anadyr and their number reached 5,000 people, according to B.O. Dolgikh. From the middle of the 17th century, the number of Yukaghirs began to decline for the following reasons: 6% of the adult male population were held hostage in the Russian winter quarters; the Yukaghir women (about 10%) served as concubines of the Russians; raids of the Chukchi and Koryaks and, finally, infectious diseases, in particular smallpox, spread through the Yukaghir villages several times, reducing their numbers. Thus, according to the inputs of the First General census of the Yukaghir population, 948 people were recorded. Before the war, their number practically did not change, staying at around 440 people. Since 1970 the number of Yukaghirs gradually increased and, according to the data of 2010, amounted to 1596 people.

Number of Yukaghirs

  •  In the XVII century - 4.5-5 thousand people.

  •  1897 - 948 people

  •  1926 - 443 people

  •  1937 - 261 people

  •  1959 - 440 people

  •  1970 - 593 people

  •  1979 - 801 people

  •  2002 - 1509 people

  •  2010 - 1597 people

 

Sources:

Gogolev A.I. History of Yakutia - Yakutsk: NEFU Publishing House, 2013. -324 p.

Jochelson W. The Yukaghir and Yukaghirized Tungus. - Novosibirsk: Nauka, 2005. 675 p.

Kurchatova T.T. The first general census of the Russian Empire population in 1897 in the Yakutian region (historical and demographic aspect) - Yakutsk, 2006. - 150 p.

Peoples of the North-East of Siberia - Moscow: Moskva: Nauka, 2010. 773 p.